A Bird’s Eye of the BW – Telling the Story from Above

It started as a funny game of sorts. As I was scrolling past google satellite imagery dreaming of future canoe country routes and trip plans, I would begin noticing the occasional canoe group on the photos. I soon began looking for them. It was a game of “I spy,” picking out small floating canoes and kayaks within the grand scope of the BWCA. I eventually started taking note of where on the satellite photos I noticed canoe groups. Though the google photos are not taken in a single day, or even in a single year, they still provide an intriguing glimpse into other people’s enjoyment of one of my favorite places. And on a landscape scale, they tell the story of canoe country and the people who flock here every summer in search of adventure, solitude, fishing, challenge, or the serenity that only a wilderness experience can offer. As I spent winter afternoons spotting canoe groups on grainy satellite imagery, it provided a chance to transport myself into their experiences. Some of their stories were presented in the facts of the photos. Others I had to imagine from what I saw and what stories I could conjure from the evidence at hand. And when canoes sat in places I had personally visited, I could simply close my eyes and imagine what those groups must be experiencing. Follow along with me through the collection of grainy images below as we unwrap a birds-eye-view of canoe country.

Blue dots represent canoes, red represent kayaks, yellow represent motor boats, green represent full campsites (difficult to spot on sat photos), and the loan purple dot is a probably paddle boarder

First, all the photos come from google maps. I often use other sat photography, such as the county gis websites, but used google for this one since they are the easiest to map out in their “my maps” software. On the map of all the canoe groups spotted above, you’ll notice some suspicious gaps. First off, I found almost no canoe groups west of Angleworm. Why? Those sat photos seem to have been taken in the off season as one can tell from the sparseness of the forest canopy. In the fall or spring, fewer groups are out paddling and some otherwise busy areas grow quiet. Another example of this is the Gabi/Little Sag/Gillis area which tends to be pretty busy. On this generation of sat photos, they seem almost completely quiet. This confirms that this perspective is not one for judging business in the BWCA or gauging the number of groups on the water at one time. It is an interesting perspective though into individual groups and their experiences, which is what we’ll be diving into.

An important note into the process is that spotting canoes on grainy photos of an expansive wilderness can be challenging. Here are two photos, a zoomed in photo of the first, showing a canoe on Alice Lake. Off of the peninsula are two specs, one is a canoe the other is a boulder. This illustrates well how neatly a canoe can blend into a landscape. I think this is a beautiful realization.



The fact-based parts of a group’s experience are found in the direct evidence in the photo. For example, in the photo below, we can see two paddle blades coming off the hull at the same spot. We also note that it is an open-topped hull (a canoe, not a kayak or a closed-top canoe.) Thereby, we understand that this is a person paddling a solo hull with a kayak paddle.


Another fact-based part of these people’s experience is found in the shape of the canoe hulls. A lot can be learned from the general shapes of the hulls and their color. We can learn if the canoe is aluminum or kevlar, if it’s a performance hull or a relaxed touring one, or if it’s being paddled solo, tandem, or in a group of three. Looking at the photo below, we see a very narrow hull, too narrow to be a tandem. This is a performance solo hull and the “bright spots” in the hull confirm that it is only loaded in the middle.

A third fact-based piece of the story we can find in the satellite photos is a group’s direction of travel. Using the wake behind a canoe, we can tell which way a moving canoe is traveling. Generally speaking, a larger wake infers a canoe which is moving faster or is weighted heavier, but, in sat images, tricks can be played by light making some things easier to see on some photos than others. A prime example of all of these things is found in this group of three canoes passing an anchored pontoon on E Bearksin Lake.

After understanding how to interpret the photos, it was fun to begin to imagine the adventures that the different groups were taking. It was also super interesting for me to see each piece of a canoe trip being represented in each different group. It almost seemed like the timeline of an entire trip playing out in the photos in front of me. From the beginning of the trip to the end, on long paddles and tough portages, from campsites to sightseeing and fishing, each and every aspect of a trip was enveloped into the pixels of google sat photos. Step back for a moment and imagine the story of a canoe trip told through these snapshots.

The group sets their canoes in the water to start the trip. After final checks of the vehicles, and the four canoes were loaded, they set off onto the lake. Only a half mile into their adventure, it became clear that there was some discrepancies. Whether it was the paddling proficiency of the lead canoes or the weight in the hulls of the rear, there was lots of space between the four canoes of this group just a short while into their trip. These four are already spread out heading into the Duncan portage on Bearskin Lake. It’s early in the trip yet and there’s plenty of time to figure out the group dynamics.

In the first few hours of the trip close to the entry point, it can be fairly common to encounter other groups. Here on Moose Lake, a canoe group keeps to the side as a pair of towboats head past.

A drive for solitude pushes some groups off the main drag into less-trammeled corners of the wilderness. Spotting this canoe on Grandpa Lake made me smile because I knew the person had very well earned the quiet.

Portaging can be a challenge, especially early in a trip as the kinks are being worked out of the process. Here, a pair of canoes on the far side of a portage in the numbers chain waits to be loaded up with gear. Perhaps the group went back for a second trip or perhaps the canoe carriers went back to help their canoe-mates.

Some portages exist for obvious reasons. Others leave room for rapid-running temptation. Here on the Isabella River, one canoe appears to check out the potential of running the rapids while their other canoe seems to turn in towards the portage.

Especially close the entry point or along busy routes, portages can be pretty easy to spot. Here, a canoe pulls off from a portage onto Ogishkemuncie Lake with the winding portage trail, so deeply carved into the earth from innumerable previous crossings, clearly visible in the burn zone.

Navigating through canoe country is not always easy, and sometimes the person with the map makes unconventional choices. Here’s a group “threading the needle” through a narrow channel between an island and the mainland on the northern arm of Sawbill.


Midway through the day, a group stops for lunch. I have many fond memories of “gunneling up” with group mates, eating lunch, and letting the warm summer breeze drift the canoes ever so slightly. Here’s a pair of canoes side by side doing much the same thing.

Sometimes, a portage really turns into a traffic jam. Here, three different canoes sit on shore and in the water at the landing of the Monument Portage with the first big monument visible to the east.

It’s important mid-trip to take the time to enjoy the view. Here a canoe floats on Eddy Lake with the lake bottom visible as the water deepens heading off-shore.

Late in the day, the group dynamics begin to fray a bit. As the group leaves the portage, they stop for a discussion about how far they’ll head before making camp for the night. The canoe of the group leader with the most BWCA experience surges farther and farther ahead while the other two canoes in the trio begin to tire. Notice the wide space between them in this photo from Insula.

Here’s a group of three canoes sitting across from the Little Caribou campsite facing the site. I know that campsite is a busy one. I can just image the three canoes grouping up to find that one “perfect campsite” they had heard so much about is full for the night. The canoe on the east is already turned to continue onto Pine Lake while the other two are seemingly getting a final glance before moving on.

The day is done and the group finds a place to set up camp for the night. They are planning to head out fishing later so their canoes are left upright and partially in the water as they set up their tent. Here’s a group well set up on their campsite on Duncan.

After setting up camp, some members of the group might head back out to fish or sightsee. Perhaps that’s what’s happening here as a canoe sits in the turbulent water below Wheelbarrow Falls on the Basswood River.

As the group begins to head out of the wilderness, the numbers of groups encountered seems to be going up every mile. Here a group of three canoes on Lake Two pulls into an already occupied portage where a pair of canoes blocks the landing.

It’s a bittersweet feeling the end of a canoe trip. Often, the group is worn and dirty, ready for a hot meal and shower. But the feeling of loss is there too: the loss of the simplistic routines, the quiet, and the rugged beauty. This group is on the home stretch to exit at the [very full] Mudro EP parking lot.

These, of course, represent just a small number of the canoe groups visible on the sat photos of the BWCA, but they give a glimpse into the people enjoying this special place on any given day. Open water season is just around the corner. Hopefully these photos have turned your imagination as they have mine. And the next time you’re panning through your chosen mapping software, keep a lookout for canoes. You might just get a glimpse into another adventure.

And, though I didn’t quite fit it into the storyline, here’s a shoutout to this canoe midway down the Pigeon River. Well done, especially if this was the tail-end of a border route challenge!

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Author Bio:

Riley Smith

Riley is the Director of Community Engagement and Public Relations for Portage North and Sundog Sport. He comes from a background in wilderness programing and environmental education with four years of BWCA outfitting and guiding before taking this role. In his free time, he can be found out canoeing, hiking, snowshoeing, capturing photography, and writing.
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